4 months ago
What are the UK travel and hotel quarantine rules?
What are the UK travel and hotel quarantine rules?Published3 minutes agoSharecloseShare pageCopy linkAbout sharingRelated Topics
UK residents and Irish nationals travelling from countries on the UK's "red list" will have to quarantine in hotels from 15 February.
The measure is aimed at limiting the spread of coronavirus variants first identified in South Africa and Brazil.
Travel to other countries is restricted to essential travel only, by UK lockdown rules.
Which countries are on the red list?
The 33 countries on the list are mostly in South America and Africa.
One European country - Portugal - is included because of its links to Brazil. The United Arab Emirates is also on the list.
UK and Irish nationals, long-term visa holders and residents can enter from these countries, but they must quarantine for 10 days.
Non-UK travellers who have been in these countries in the 10 days before travelling are banned from entry.
What are the rules for hotel quarantine?
Arrivals from countries on the red list must pay to stay in a hotel selected by the government for 10 nights.
They will be met at the airport or point of entry and taken to the hotel. If travellers wish to go outside, for example to smoke, they will be accompanied by security guards.
Hotels near airports including Heathrow, Gatwick, London City, Birmingham, Bristol, Manchester, Edinburgh, Glasgow and Aberdeen are expected to be used.
The government said the measures showed it was taking "the necessary steps to protect people and save lives". But Labour said it had acted too late and hotel quarantine should be for all international travellers.
What about other travellers?
All travellers - including British nationals - must already self-isolate for 10 days when they get to the UK, even with a recent negative test result.
Travellers must provide contact details and their UK address. They can then travel - by public transport if necessary - to the place where they plan to self-isolate.
Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland have their own quarantine rules, which differ slightly.
A small number of workers are exempt from quarantine, including pilots and some seasonal agricultural workers.
Who is allowed to travel?
Lockdown rules mean people must only travel abroad for essential reasons. These are the same as the "reasonable excuses" for domestic travel, including:
People leaving England will soon have to make a declaration on why they need to travel, which will be checked by carriers prior to departure.
What are the rules for showing a Covid test?
Incoming travellers have to show proof of a negative Covid-19 test on departure, taken in the previous 72 hours.
Those who don't comply will face a fine of £500, with Border Force officials carrying out spot checks.
On 18 January, 10,000 checks were carried out - mostly at Heathrow - on the 21,000 people who entered the country that day. As a result, 40 fixed penalty notices were issued.image copyrightReuters
Some travellers, including children under 11 and passengers from the Common Travel Area (the Republic of Ireland, Channel Islands, or the Isle of Man) are exempt.
Can I pay for a test to shorten quarantine?
Travellers can reduce their quarantine period by paying for a private Covid test, unless they are arriving from a "red list" country.
Tests cost between £65 and £120, and results are normally received in 24 to 48 hours.
People who test negative after five full days can stop isolating. Those who test positive must quarantine for a further 10 days.
Can you be fined for breaking the rules?
Failure to self-isolate can mean a £1,000 fine, or £480 in Scotland. Fines in England for persistent offenders can reach £10,000.
People can be fined up to £3,200 in England for providing inaccurate contact details, or £1,920 in Wales.
What do all these terms mean?Skip to main story
A medical test that can show if a person has had the coronavirus and now has some immunity. The test detects antibodies in the blood, which are produced by the body to fight off the disease.
Someone who has a disease but does not have any of the symptoms it causes. Some studies suggest some people with coronavirus carry the disease but don't show the common symptoms, such as a persistent cough or high temperature.
The first part of the UK's strategy to deal with the coronavirus, which involved trying to identify infected people early and trace anyone who had been in close contact with them.
One of a group of viruses that can cause severe or mild illness in humans and animals. The coronavirus currently sweeping the world causes the disease Covid-19. The common cold and influenza (flu) are other types of coronaviruses.
The disease caused by the coronavirus first detected in Wuhan, China, in late 2019. It primarily affects the lungs.
The second part of the UK's strategy to deal with the coronavirus, in which measures such as social distancing are used to delay its spread.
Fixed penalty notice
A fine designed to deal with an offence on the spot, instead of in court. These are often for driving offences, but now also cover anti-social behaviour and breaches of the coronavirus lockdown.
Flatten the curve
Health experts use a line on a chart to show numbers of new coronavirus cases. If a lot of people get the virus in a short period of time, the line might rise sharply and look a bit like a mountain. However, taking measures to reduce infections can spread cases out over a longer period and means the "curve" is flatter. This makes it easier for health systems to cope.
Short for influenza, a virus that routinely causes disease in humans and animals, in seasonal epidemics.
Supports firms hit by coronavirus by temporarily helping pay the wages of some staff. It allows employees to remain on the payroll, even though they aren't working.
How the spread of a disease slows after a sufficiently large proportion of a population has been exposed to it.
A person whose body can withstand or fend off a disease is said to be immune to it. Once a person has recovered from the disease caused by the coronavirus, Covid-19, for example, it is thought they cannot catch it again for a certain period of time.
The period of time between catching a disease and starting to display symptoms.
Hospital wards which treat patients who are very ill. They are run by specially-trained healthcare staff and contain specialist equipment.
Restrictions on movement or daily life, where public buildings are closed and people told to stay at home. Lockdowns have been imposed in several countries as part of drastic efforts to control the spread of the coronavirus.
The third part of the UK's strategy to deal with the coronavirus, which will involve attempts to lessen the impact of a high number of cases on public services. This could mean the NHS halting all non-critical care and police responding to major crimes and emergencies only.
The NHS's 24-hour phone and online service, which offers medical advice to anyone who needs it. People in England and Wales are advised to ring the service if they are worried about their symptoms. In Scotland, they should check NHS inform, then ring their GP in office hours or 111 out of hours. In Northern Ireland, they should call their GP.
Multiple cases of a disease occurring rapidly, in a cluster or different locations.
An epidemic of serious disease spreading rapidly in many countries simultaneously.
This is when the UK will start to lift some of its lockdown rules while still trying to reduce the spread of coronavirus.
PPE, or personal protective equipment, is clothing and kit such as masks, aprons, gloves and goggles used by medical staff, care workers and others to protect themselves against infection from coronavirus patients and other people who might be carrying the disease.
The isolation of people exposed to a contagious disease to prevent its spread.
R0, pronounced "R-naught", is the average number of people who will catch the disease from a single infected person. If the R0 of coronavirus in a particular population is 2, then on average each case will create two more new cases. The value therefore gives an indication of how much the infection could spread.
This happens when there is a significant drop in income, jobs and sales in a country for two consecutive three-month periods.
Severe acute respiratory syndrome, a type of coronavirus that emerged in Asia in 2003.
Staying inside and avoiding all contact with other people, with the aim of preventing the spread of a disease.
Keeping away from other people, with the aim of slowing down transmission of a disease. The government advises not seeing friends or relatives other than those you live with, working from home where possible and avoiding public transport.
State of emergency
Measures taken by a government to restrict daily life while it deals with a crisis. This can involve closing schools and workplaces, restricting the movement of people and even deploying the armed forces to support the regular emergency services.
These can be used by government ministers to implement new laws or regulations, or change existing laws. They are an easier alternative to passing a full Act of Parliament.
Any sign of disease, triggered by the body's immune system as it attempts to fight off the infection. The main symptoms of the coronavirus are a fever, dry cough and shortness of breath.
A treatment that causes the body to produce antibodies, which fight off a disease, and gives immunity against further infection.
A machine that takes over breathing for the body when disease has caused the lungs to fail.
A tiny agent that copies itself inside the living cells of any organism. Viruses can cause these cells to die and interrupt the body's normal chemical processes, causing disease.
What do all these terms mean?
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